India still a Developing Country Why?
If we talk about India, one of the fastest developing country in the world, But not still developed, we should see the fact that the growth of economy is not as good when compared to developed countries and those are much superior than India. A developed country, industrialized country, or “more economically Developing Country” (MEDC), is a sovereign state that has a highly developedeconomy and advanced technological infrastructure relative to other less industrialized nations. So, there are many reason behind the lack in the development criteria of India.
Read more |Mi phone a big success in India?
There are many issues in our country that are preventing India to become a developed nation. Firstly, I am going to introduce the factor which tells whether the country is developed and if so, then where it stands in the world. That is called “HDI”.
“The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite statistic of life expectancy, education, and per capita income indicators, which are used to rank countries into four tiers of human development.”
Read More |Dhoni Vs Kohli Captaincy?
India continued to rank low in the Human Development Index (HDI), but climbed five notches to the 130th rank in the latest UNDP report on account of rise in life expectancy and per capita income. India’s 2014 HDI of 0.609 is below the average of 0.630 for countries in the medium human development group. Norway is highly ranked on the list of the highly developed countries in the world by the Human Development Index (HDI) with the highest score of 0.944. Norway comes as the 4th country in the world by GDP (PPP) per capita which records $55,398 and the life expectancy in this country is high as it records 80 years for males and 84 years for females.
So, India is still poor compare to the developed nations in these four tiers. The reasons are as follows::
1. Low life expectancy : Rank of India on behalf of the life expectancy rate is :
1.Both Sexes rank:125
2.Female Rank :128
3.Male Rank :115
4.Both Sexes Rank with Health-adjusted life expectancy:126
This shows that India ranks still very low in terms of statistics related to life expectancy. Here life expectancy at birth is 68 years, while Infant morality rate is 37.9 per thousand births. Female Survival Rate to Age 65 is 63.9% and male Survival Rate for the same is 66.1% and average 170,000 people die per year due to HIV/ AIDS disease only. So India has to work more for this problem. The reasons for less life expectancy are :-
2.high infant mortality,
3. low literacy rates, and
4. high number of road fatalities (compared to developed nations).
2.Illiteracy and Brain Drain: India is very poor in the education aspect. When compared to education on the various states in India we can conclude that Kerala ranks first state in the literacy and the most sad thing is that Bihar, Jharkhand, J&K and UP are very poor in the poverty criteria. The parents who are below poverty line doesn’t know the value of the education. They send their children to work for the daily wages. This is the reason why the people are easily cheated by the other people.
The second thing is that the people of India mostly use all the resources from India to gain lots of knowledge and then finally they get themselves settled in the foreign countries. This makes a great way for the development of that particular country and it is a major drawback for our country. Brain drain is usually done by the one who thinks that there are now developments available in our country. We can also tell that the point of view of the people who settle in the other country and work for the other country is right because, if a person has developed himself in India he is not provided with great opportunity to develop himself in India.
The reason for the brain drain may be because of political issues or any other issues. This is a serious problem in India and this is the reason why a person chooses to go to foreign country to shine his carrier. There is also a thought that the Indian brains are the most powerful brains in the world. The reason for the restriction in the development of our country is that the Indian brains are not given proper recognition or the Indian brains are not used properly by the proper person at the proper instance.
3.Politics and Corruption : Corruption has now become a greatest issue in our country. India is ranking a great position in the corruption. This can prove how bad the condition of India is. There are many people who are performing corruption. In the corruption India is ranks the top 10 lists. But now, the Demonetisation policy is trying to reveal such corrupt men and politicians and this initiative taken to clear the problem of corruption in our country, is also struggling due to such shameless politics.
The politicians apply divide and rule policy , which was created by the British people. To tell about the people of India, they are already divided because of the languages, religions and even by casts. People also fight among themselves and politics enjoys .
Political leaders focus mainly on earning lots of money when they are in the political fields. Even people know many bad political leaders who are in the higher position but they have no powers and mouth to tell about them to authorities or to question them directly and if there is power then the illiteracy avoids the people to do so.
4.Increase in population: Today India is the home to over 1 billion people. By 2050 it will surpass China as the most populous country in the world. Experts think that India will reach a total of 1.8 billion before population growth begins to decrease.
The two main common causes leading to over population in India are:
- The birth rate is still higher than the death rate. We have been successful in declining the death rates but the same cannot be said for birth rates.
- The fertility rate due to the population policies and other measures has been falling but even then it is much higher compared to other countries.
The above causes are interrelated to the various social issues in our country which are leading to over population.
- Early Marriage and Universal Marriage System: Even though legally the marriageable age of a girl is 18 years, the concept of early marriage still prevails and getting married at an young age prolongs the child bearing age. Also, in India, marriage is a sacred obligation and a universal practice, where almost every woman is married at the reproductive age.
- Poverty and Illiteracy: Another factor for the rapid growth of population is poverty. Impoverished families have this notion that more the number of members in the family, more will be the numbers to earn income. Some feel that more children are needed to look after them in their old age. Also hunger can be cause of death of their children and hence the need for more children. Strange but true, Indian still lag behind the use of contraceptives and birth control methods. Many of them are not willing to discuss or are totally unaware about them. Illiteracy is thus another cause of over population
- Age old cultural norm: Sons are the bread earners of the families in India. This age old thought puts considerable pressure on the parents to produce children till a male child is born. More the better.
- Illegal migration: Last but not the least, we cannot ignore the fact that illegal migration is continuously taking place from Bangladesh etc.. leading to increased population density.
5. less resource utilization due to backwardness in technology: The Indian system of education is rote-learning based and severely outdated. Afterall, the men in charge of educational bodies in India themselves have probably reached their position by rote learning concepts of teaching instead of reaching these places out of true passion for teaching.
There’s literally no effort towards making scientific and mathematical concepts understandable and interesting. No steps towards publishing newer, better quality books even if the last edition is literally decades old. Calculators are still not allowed in exams for some absurd reason(idk about your state board, but CBSE certainly doesn’t realize it’s 2015 yet) . The questions asked in examinations are designed to be counter-intuitive and simply hard. Giving no facts about real life application at all.
Our problem is that we believe in quantity at the cost of quality. Thanks to mushrooming IIMs, all graduates have not been able to secure jobs after passing out. employers did not want them all.
We are opening more and more IITs and private engineering colleges are now as common as supermarkets in every town.
Unemployable engineers are a marker of the sad state of our society. Their education has not taught them enough to do a competent job and earn a living.
More medical colleges are mushrooming, and this can be even more dangerous to society. the time will soon come when we will have to trust such people with our lives, who haven’t acquired a competent understanding of medicine.
The less the quality of education, less will be the utilization of resources…
6.less Income per capita :
“India is the fastest growing large country in the world, though with manufacturing capacity utilization low at 70 percent and agricultural growth slow following two bad monsoons, our potential is undoubtedly higher. Growth, however, is just one measure of performance. The level of per capita GDP is also important. We are still one of the poorest large countries in the world on a per capita basis, and have a long way to go before we reasonably address the concerns of each one of our citizens.”
Read more | Redmi Note 6 Pro vs Redmi Note 5 Pro?
RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan
According to Average GDP per capita on PPP basis, for States and Union Territories in 2011. India’s per capita income (nominal) was $1,497 in 2013, ranked at 120th out of 164 countries by the World Bank, while its per capita income on purchasing power parity (PPP) basis was US$5,350, and ranked 106th in Developing Country.
So basically, the Ambanis, Adanis, Birlas and Tatas, of the world, essentially India’s rich, push up the average income of India i.e. the per capita income. As Wheelan writes: “The average income…could be heavily skewed by the megarich.”
In this scenario, the average income does not give us a correct picture. Further, it is safe to say, that the income of the average Indian is lower than the average income of India for Developing Country.
At this point it is important to introduce another term i.e. Developing Country the median. As Wheelan writes: “The median is the point that divides a distribution in half, meaning that half of the observation lie above the median and half lie below.”
Hence, the median income is the income of the average Indian. Given this, the median income is the right representation of the income of the average Indian. This is because the rich outliers (the Ambanis, the Adnanis, the Tatas and the Birlas) are taken into account. Data from World Bank shows that the top 10 percent of India’s population makes 30 percent of the total income. And this pushes up the per capita income.
The trouble is that it is not so easy to find median income data in the Indian context. A survey carried out by Gallup in December 2013, put India’s median income at $616. Data from the World Bank shows that India’s per capita income during the same year was $1455.Hence, the median income was around 58 percent lower than the average income or the per capita income. And that is not a good sign at all.
This shows the tremendous amount of inequality prevalent in the country. The difference in the income of the average Indian and the average income of India is thus huge for Developing Country.
More About :